the Spanish and their guitars,
the Africans and their percussion instruments and
the Native Americans and their flutes.
South American music is often referred to as Andean music because the Andes Mountains of South America are the homeland of the Inca people who created what is now the most popular music.
The Black people were brought to Peru after the Spanish conquest as slaves initially, and they finally settled along the southern coast of the country. They also brought to Peru all their African traditions, rhythms, and roots.
The existing native music in Peru started mixing with these new foreign elements and it evolved into very unique new styles called Criollo (Hispanic influenced music) and Afro-Peruvian (Black influenced).